The APPRAISE-2 Trial (Apixaban for Prevention of Acute Ischemic Events - 2), one of nine clinical trials evaluating apixaban in patients at risk of ischemic events, was designed to include approximately 10,800 patients with a recent Acute Coronary Syndrome. Patients were randomized to apixaban 5 mg twice daily or placebo. The study was conducted in 40 countries and was coordinated by Duke Clinical Research Institute in the U.S. and Uppsala Clinical Research Center in Sweden.
The companies have informed the APPRAISE-2 investigators, ethics review boards and regulatory health authorities of the decision to stop the study. Enrollment will be stopped and patients will be taken off of the study drug. The lead investigators will complete a full evaluation of the available data set and the results will be made public.
"We remain committed to the development of apixaban in other patient populations," said Brian Daniels, M.D., senior vice president, Global Development and Medical Affairs, Bristol-Myers Squibb. "We are focused on the rolling submission of data for the prevention of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation who are expected or demonstrated to be unsuitable for treatment with warfarin to the Food and Drug Administration and the application to the European Medicines Agency for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prevention. Other ongoing studies investigating apixaban in different patient populations are being monitored by independent data monitoring committees and are continuing."
"Our recommendation to discontinue APPRAISE-2 concerns only the population of high-risk ACS patients receiving anti-platelet therapy enrolled in APPRAISE-2," said Robert Harrington, M.D., Duke Clinical Research Institute, and co-chair of the APPRAISE-2 Steering Committee. "Recent Phase 3 clinical trials of apixaban have demonstrated promising results in patients with VTE and atrial fibrillation. We look forward to reviewing the complete APPRAISE-2 data, when it is available, to better understand this apparently different risk profile in patients with ACS."
Based on the APPRAISE-2 recommendation, the DMC for APPRAISE Japan, a Phase 2 study in ACS patients, has also recommended discontinuation for APPRAISE Japan.
About the Apixaban Clinical Trial Program
Apixaban, which is currently being developed by Bristol-Myers Squibb and Pfizer, is an investigational oral factor Xa inhibitor, a new class of agents being studied for the prevention and treatment of blood clots. Apixaban is being investigated within the EXPANSE Clinical Trials Program, which is projected to include nearly 60,000 patients worldwide across multiple indications and patient populations and includes a total of eight completed or ongoing, randomized, double-blind Phase 3 trials.
The apixaban Phase 3 trial program is evaluating the prevention of venous thromboembolism, prevention of stroke and other thromboembolic events in patients with atrial fibrillation and the treatment of venous thromboembolism.
About the Bristol-Myers Squibb/Pfizer Collaboration
In 2007, Pfizer and Bristol-Myers Squibb entered into a worldwide collaboration to develop and commercialize apixaban, an investigational oral anticoagulant discovered by Bristol-Myers Squibb. This global alliance combines Bristol-Myers Squibb's long-standing strengths in cardiovascular drug development and commercialization with Pfizer's global scale and expertise in this field.
About Bristol-Myers Squibb
Bristol-Myers Squibb is a global biopharmaceutical company whose mission is to discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over serious diseases. For more information, please visit www.bms.com.
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