Cost per QALY is an important measure used by national governments and their reimbursement agencies to assess cost effectiveness of medical treatments.While no universal threshold for cost effectiveness exists, generally, a cost per QALY in the range of €25,000 ($33,000) to €38,000 ($50,000) is considered cost effective.
"The PLATO health economics substudy accounts for both the clinical effect observed in PLATO as well as cost considerations for treating ACS patients with ticagrelor versus clopidogrel," said Dr. Lars Wallentin, Director and Professor of Cardiology, Uppsala Clinical Research Center & University Hospital, Sweden. "What is particularly impressive about this substudy is that even at a higher price, ticagrelor was a cost effective treatment for ACS patients compared to generic clopidogrel."
The price of generic clopidogrel €0.17 ($0.23) per day was compared with the price range of BRILIQUE of €2.25 ($3.00) to €3.50 ($4.65) per day and applied in the analysis to form the price component of the health economics substudy. Using individual patient data from PLATO and event rates, health care costs based on Swedish base-case analysis and QALYs were estimated for the first year. The analysis showed that the overall cost impact of using ticagrelor instead of clopidogrel was cost effective.
The analysis is now published in the May/June issue of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research's Value in Health and will be presented at the organisation's international annual meeting on 23 May.
AstraZeneca also announced today that ticagrelor has been accepted for reimbursement by the Scottish Medicines Consortium (SMC) for patients in Scotland. The Ministry of Health and Prevention in Denmark also recently approved ticagrelor as the first branded oral antiplatelet therapy to achieve national reimbursement for a broad ACS population.
Health technology assessments ongoing in the remainder of the UK and in Germany are expected later this year by NICE and IQWiG, respectively, however healthcare professionals are able to prescribe ticagrelor in accordance with local guidance. Markets where a price has been approved but the reimbursement process is ongoing include Finland, Norway, Portugal, and Austria.
"These new data help further demonstrate the compelling value proposition ticagrelor offers versus a widely used generic. We also welcome the positive decision in Scotland and Denmark to reimburse ticagrelor and believe it will become an attractive option for physicians seeking another antiplatelet treatment to reduce their ACS patients' risk of heart attack and cardiovascular death," said Tony Zook, Executive Vice President of AstraZeneca's Global Commercial Organisation. "Further reimbursement processes are underway according to local rules and regulations and timings will differ from market to market. We will continue to work with the appropriate health organisations, formulary and protocol review boards, and clinicians to ensure patients have access to this important medicine as soon as possible."
About BRILINTA (ticagrelor tablets)
BRILINTA is an oral antiplatelet treatment for acute coronary syndromes (ACS). BRILINTA is a direct-acting P2Y12 receptor antagonist in a new chemical class called cyclopentyltriazolopyrimidines (CPTPs). BRILINTA is the first reversibly-binding oral ADP receptor antagonist.
BRILINTA is currently under regulatory review in 33 countries, including the United States. The product has been approved in 32 countries, including in the European Union, Iceland, and Norway under the trade name BRILIQUE and in Brazil under the trade name BRILINTA.
BRILINTA and BRILIQUE are trademarks of the AstraZeneca group of companies.
AstraZeneca is a global, innovation-driven biopharmaceutical business with a primary focus on the discovery, development and commercialisation of prescription medicines for gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, neuroscience, respiratory and inflammation, oncology and infectious disease. AstraZeneca operates in over 100 countries and its innovative medicines are used by millions of patients worldwide.