EC tops a billion Euros invested in the fight against AIDS
Not too far from World AIDS Day, the European Commission can announce that it has invested over one billion Euros in the fight against AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. As a founding member of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, the European Commission has to date pledged €1,072.5 million covering the period 2002-2010 and has recently made new policy commitments to do more, better, together.
According to the latest figures, new HIV infections have been reduced by 17% over the past eight years and the most progress is seen in sub-Saharan Africa. However, worldwide the number of people living with HIV now reaches 33 million, with the fastest spread of the epidemic occurring on the threshold of the European Union, in the neighbouring countries of Eastern Europe.
Since the beginning of the epidemic, almost 60 million people have been infected with HIV and 25 million people have died of AIDS related causes.
Although important progress has been achieved in preventing new HIV infections and in lowering the annual number of AIDS-related deaths, AIDS continues to be a major global health priority. In 2008, 2.7 million people became newly infected, and 2 million people died from AIDS-related causes.
The epidemic appears to have stabilized in most regions, although prevalence continues to increase in Eastern Europe and Central Asia and in other parts of Asia, due to a high rate of new infections. Sub-Saharan Africa remains the most heavily affected region, accounting for 71% of all new HIV infections in 2008.
European Commission Action:
As the world's largest donor, the EU has collectively provided the majority of the significant increase in recent years of international financing earmarked for HIV/AIDS;
EU contributions to the Global Fund to Fight HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria have almost quadrupled, from $403 million in 2003 to $1,546 million, representing around 55% of world contributions in the years 2004-2008;
The EU Member States and the European Commission have a common programme for action and decided together to call for stronger, more effective and more concerted efforts through External Action (2007-2011);
The Commission is increasingly channelling its funds available through budget support to strengthen health systems, as one of the main ways to confront AIDS. This new instrument is thought to be particularly beneficial for health systems, providing longer-term and predictable financing;
Budget support has increased from €1,425 million for 2002-2006 to €2, 571 million for 2007-2011;
The Commission has also adopted a new Communication (26 October 2009) on combating HIV/AIDS in the European Union and neighbouring countries for 2009 -2013, with the view of addressing the unfortunate trend of increasing infections in Europe. It focuses in particular on the promotion of prevention and on the implementation of measures targeting most at risk groups and particular geographical areas mostly affected by HIV/AIDS.